Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law


Norman Palmer

First Page



The purpose of this Article is to show how modern law responds to such challenge. In particular, it examines the means by which common law systems manage the return of unlawfully removed cultural objects to dispossessed parties, and the implications of those means for international loan agreements. Regard is paid to the remedies that may be available in the aftermath of a claim, and the "self-help" devices that are available to lenders and borrowers. Some of the measures examined are peculiar to cultural objects, but others are general. Some have no direct relation to law, but work on voluntary regulation. All of them contribute in some degree to the tension that exists between vindication of rights of ownership and encouragement of cultural exchange. This Article begins by surveying the general landscape against which cross-border loans are conducted, and then descends to measures peculiar to loans.