Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

First Page



In this Article I hope to take at least a step toward clarifying these matters by presenting a framework for the analysis of antiterrorism sanctions and using that framework to discuss several of the sanctions that the United States currently employs.

Parts Two and Three of this Article set out the elements of the framework. Part Two begins by describing the varying forms or levels of state involvement in terrorism, shown graphically in Figure 1. All forms of state involvement are not alike, at least analytically, and Part Two will discuss the appropriateness of employing sanctions or other measures of influence against different levels of involvement. Part Three will describe in general terms, without reference to the problem of terrorism, the four principal rationales for the use of economic sanctions. Figure 2 depicts these rationales.

Part Four of this Article will then join these two elements together, producing the matrix shown in Figure 3. The levels of state involvement appear on the horizontal axis of this matrix and the rationales for sanctions appear on the vertical axis. Part Four will sketch the application of the four sanctions rationales to state involvement in terrorism--the four rows of the matrix--and illustrate their application with examples from current American sanctions.