Document Type


Publication Title

Clinical Law Review

Publication Date

Spring 2023



Page Number



litigation practice, inclusive language, Rules of Professional Conduct


Law | Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility | Legal Profession | Litigation


Drawing from legal pedagogy, litigation practice, and teaching experience, this article seeks to compile a set of key considerations for inclusive language decision-making in the clinical setting. Using a multi-factor framework--accuracy, precision, relevance, audience, and respect-this analysis explores the process for deciding on terms to use in practice and the potential implications of those choices on student learning, case outcomes, and attorney-client relationships. In addition, this article explores some current trends and best practices when adopting these principles in the context of specific groups. This article connects these principles to broader academic and practice is- sues, including the American Bar Association accreditation standards and Rules of Professional Conduct.



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