"A law suit has always been an adversary proceeding and it probably always will be..." "The trial being considered, therefore, as an adversary proceeding, the necessity for the adoption of rules for its conduct which will keep the fight out in the open, give the opponents equal opportunity, and prevent judicial ambuscade, is imperative.'
Joseph C. Hutcheson Jr.,
A Symposium on Federal Jurisdiction and Procedure: Forward,
7 Vanderbilt Law Review
Available at: https://scholarship.law.vanderbilt.edu/vlr/vol7/iss4/1