Vanderbilt Law Review


Laura Ezell

First Page



Corporate directors cannot afford to remain ignorant of human trafficking violations in corporate supply chains.' Corporations in the United States that benefit from supply-chain trafficking have been able to escape liability when the trafficking occurs in the labor force of their suppliers instead of the labor force of the corporation itself. However, the 2008 reauthorization of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act specifically targets this behavior under its criminal and civil provisions regarding financial benefit from labor trafficking. Corporations with trafficking violations in their supply chains risk criminal prosecution and civil suits filed by foreign and domestic victims, and the directors of such corporations risk shareholder derivative suits for failure to perform fiduciary duties. Corporations discussed in this Note are United States-based corporations whose supply chains include foreign suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, security forces, subsidiaries, and other parties (collectively, "suppliers"). These suppliers are separate legal entities but may be crucial to the business operations of the corporations. This Note analyzes the legal obligations under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of these multinational corporations