The fifteenth amendment' guarantees that a citizen's right to vote shall not depend on his or her race. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 (the Act)2 ended nearly a century of congressional acquiescence to obstruction and subversion of that guarantee by certain state and local governments. The Act was remarkably successful in curbing many race-oriented abuses of the electoral process. Despite this success, however, Congress chose to bolster the 1965 Act with the Voting Rights Act Amendments of 1982., The new legislation's most significant feature was the revision of section 2, which contains the Act's blanket prohibition against "discriminatory"voting procedures.
David L. Eades,
Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act: An Approach to the Results Test,
39 Vanderbilt Law Review
Available at: https://scholarship.law.vanderbilt.edu/vlr/vol39/iss1/6