Vanderbilt Law Review

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This Note examines the constitutional and statutory background of the affirmative action/reverse discrimination issue and analyzes judicial decisions confronting the dilemma." The Note then explores grounds on which the Supreme Court might permit voluntary affirmative action using quotas. Existing EEOC guidelines and Executive' Order 11,246 offer both an objective basis on which to develop a voluntary program and a safeguard against misuse of affirmative action." When the program is established in a collective bargaining agreement, moreover, the national policy of allowing free play for the bargaining process to establish terms and conditions of employment gives an additional reason for allowing voluntary affirmative action programs that use quotas.