There are two ways of getting a job done. The person who wants it done can do it himself by his own efforts, management and hired help; or he can bargain with someone else for the desired result. When he hires personal services and retains the management of the enterprise he is called a "master," the person hired is called a "servant," and the master is liable for what the servant does in the master's behalf. But when one bargains for a given result he does not then become a master, the person bargained with is called an independent contractor, and he does not act in behalf of the employer.' The well known doctrine of Respondeat Superior does not apply in this latter situation.
Liability of Employers for Misrepresentations Made by "Independent Contractors",
3 Vanderbilt Law Review
Available at: https://scholarship.law.vanderbilt.edu/vlr/vol3/iss1/9