Vanderbilt Law Review

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The Union Carbide and Ferguson cases were suits to recover Tennessee sales taxes and use taxes paid under protest for 1956 and 1958. Carbide and Ferguson urged that since they were under contract to the Atomic Energy Commission, the legal incidence of the tax was on the United States directly and therefore invalid. Carbide had been secured in 1943 to manage and operate certain plants involved in work on the atomic bomb, and Ferguson had subsequently been engaged to build additional facilities for this purpose. Both contended that their relationship with the United States and the Atomic Energy Commission was one of agency, and that they were therefore within the implied immunity of the United States from state tax.