Today cooperation in the peaceful uses of atomic energy is occurring under bilateral agreements between the major atomic powers--the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union--and many other nations. Schemes of cooperation on a regional basis are well advanced in Europe and are emerging elsewhere. A new international agency with an almost world-wide constituency, Communist China being the chief omission, has come into being. After a three-year interval, the second of two great international conferences for the exchange of knowledge concerning nuclear fission and thermonuclear fusion was held in Geneva in the past summer. At Geneva, American scientists went to great lengths to lay bare their scientific and technological discoveries, even--or perhaps especially-with respect to thermonuclear fusion. Restricted data on non-military matters are still not unknown, but their existence now interposes few obstacles to the dissemination of atomic knowledge or the sale of atomic equipment.
David F. Cavers,
International Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy,
12 Vanderbilt Law Review
Available at: https://scholarship.law.vanderbilt.edu/vlr/vol12/iss1/2