The radical shift in and expansion of the concepts of European law wrought by the now more than five-year-old Treaty on European Union (TEU) are not fully appreciated in the United States. Until the TEU of 1992, European law was bounded by the reasonably well-defined and understood contours of the Treaty of Rome and its amendments. The expressly political TEU added new dimensions to European law, the relationships among the Member States, and the scope of activities to be pursued by the European Union. This expansion was accomplished through, among other provisions, (1) the TEU's monetary union provisions; (2) its grant of citizenship in the European Union (EU) to all citizens of the Member States; (3) its social provisions; and (4) its different areas of emphasis within the relations among the Member States and between the Member States and the European Community (EC) treaty institutions. In reality, an understanding of the more tightly-focused EC now provides only an incomplete appreciation of post-TEU era law and affairs. Although the implications of the TEU are only becoming fully understood in the United States, another wave of modification and change is on the horizon.
Daniel T. Murphy,
The European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy: It is Not Far From Maastricht to Amsterdam,
31 Vanderbilt Law Review
Available at: https://scholarship.law.vanderbilt.edu/vjtl/vol31/iss4/2