Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

Article Title

Book Review


Richard Gruner

First Page



Large corporations are important, yet enigmatic, participants in world commerce. International corporate behavior is morally and legally significant because of its immense scope and societal impact. That behavior, however, is often so complex as to defy characterization under the simple moral or legal standards applicable to individuals. Furthermore, the ability of traditional moral or legal systems to shape multinational corporate conduct is also unclear given that large corporate bureaucracies lack the motivations and fears normally used to enforce moral or legal accountability. As one frustrated court noted, the problem is that corporations have "no soul to damn, and no body to be kicked.